This glossary features critical sustainability definitions and concepts.

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standards
Technical documents that are the basis of manufacturing, management, procurement, codes, and regulations for dozens of industry sectors.
Beneficial Corporation (B Corp)
A company who prioritizes societal and environmental responsibilities alongside financial performance.
The molecular transformation of a material into biomass.
Refers to material that is made from renewable sources.
Refers to a material’s ability to decompose through microbial activity.
Blue Carbon
Carbon dioxide that has been captured from the atmosphere by our oceans and shorelines.
Cumulative Energy Demand (CED)
The amount of energy consumed throughout a product’s life.
Not causing damage to the environment, taking into account the complete lifecycle of a product or service.
Global Warming Potential (GWP)
Universal measurement of all greenhouse gases emitted during a product’s life.
Greenhouse Gases
Various gaseous compounds that absorb infrared radiation, trap heat in the atmosphere and contribute to the greenhouse effect.
A form of marketing spin designed to disguise the true environmental impact of a company’s products or initiatives.
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
Measures the environmental impact of a product throughout its entire lifecycle, from cradle to grave.
A substance that has a molecular structure consisting chiefly or entirely of a large number of similar units bonded together.
Post-consumer recycled (PCR)
Material made from consumer items that are recycled after use.
Post-industrial recycled (PIR)
Raw material made from waste generated within the industry.
Throwing an item in your recycling bin hoping it can be recycled.
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